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What Medications Are Used to Treat Chronic Pain?

I’ve been trying to cope with chronic pain on my own for several years now, but it has gotten to the point where I think I may need to start taking medication. What medications are used to treat chronic pain?
 

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Answer

A number of medications are available for the treatment of chronic pain. Some of the most commonly used medicines generally fall into one of the following categories:
 
 
 
The specific medication your healthcare provider recommends will depend largely on the type of pain you're experiencing. Acetaminophen and NSAIDs are often the first medicines tried in many people with chronic muscle and joint pain. If these drugs do not effectively control pain, or if they are unsafe or intolerable, most healthcare providers will "step up" treatment by switching to or adding an opioid pain medicine or an SNRI like Cymbalta.
 
Neuropathic pain (nerve pain), on the other hand, may respond better to tricyclic antidepressants, SNRIs, or antiseizure medications than traditional opioid and non-opioid pain relievers. Examples of nerve pain include diabetic peripheral neuropathy, postherpetic neuralgia, and trigeminal neuralgia.
 
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