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What Is a Chemotherapy Port and How Do They Attach It?

My sister's chemotherapy is going well, but she did mention something the other day that made me curious. She said that at her next appointment, she would be getting a chemotherapy port to make her treatments easier. What is a chemotherapy port, and how is it attached?
 

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Going through chemotherapy involves a lot of poking and prodding, including having many IVs inserted and having blood drawn frequently. Even for the most stoic adult, this may simply be too much. For a child or a person with a disability, it can be pure torture. Thankfully, there are ways to reduce the number of painful needle sticks that need to be received using special chemotherapy ports or catheters that can be left in place for weeks, months, or even years.
 
In addition to reducing the number of painful needle sticks, ports and catheters allow chemotherapy to be delivered into larger central veins instead of the smaller peripheral veins, such as in the hands or arms, which is essential for giving certain types of chemotherapy safely.
 
There are different types of ports and catheters and different ways to insert them. Some are placed much like an IV, using numbing creams or injections, while others are inserted or implanted surgically, typically using local anesthetic or conscious sedation.
 
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