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What Is Pre-Diabetes?

My doctor told me I have pre-diabetes. What does that mean?
 

Answer

Pre-diabetes is diagnosed when you have blood sugar levels or hemoglobin A1C levels that are high, but not high enough to be considered diabetes. Standard A1c ranges are as follows:
 
  • Normal: HbA1c <5.7%
  • Pre-diabetes: HbA1c 5.7-6.4%
  • Diabetes: HbA1c ≥6.5%.
 
When diagnosed with pre-diabetes, you have an increased chance of developing diabetes and an increased risk of heart disease and stroke. People with pre-diabetes who lose weight and start exercising can delay and sometimes prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes.
 
In a three-year study, people who increased their exercise and lost weight decreased their risk of developing diabetes by 58 percent. Pre-diabetes doesn't mean you are doomed to have diabetes -- but it does mean you should start making changes now to avoid getting it. 
 
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